If you are a cannabis cultivator, you understand that the fundamental objective is to grow the largest and most conducive buds possible in the sinsemilla field. You will also understand the frustration if the strain you are thriving does not develop completely the dense gummy buds you wished to have. Although some strains are known to produce low yields, you are likely to produce a superior-quality bud if you are doing the right procedures.
Luckily, there are several ways on how to grow bigger buds outdoors. The buds of cannabis have the highest level of THC concentration and these are the parts that cultivators desire to get perfect to make sure that they get a good stash.
Understanding the Basics on How to Grow Bigger Buds Outdoors
Just like the other living creatures, you must feed the cannabis plants with suitable nutrients in the right quantities. You should concentrate on nutrients like potassium, phosphorous, and nitrogen.
To acquire bigger buds outdoors, you must supply the plants with all the essential elements for their growth. The sunlight has an important part to reinforce the growth of the plants in such a way that they grow in perfect conditions. These plants commonly require a warm temperature during the first phase. However, if they are cultivated outdoors, they are exposed to fresh air and direct sunlight, which helps them to develop victoriously.
Steps to Grow Bigger Buds Outdoors
Here are some steps on how to grow bigger buds outdoors:
Prune the cannabis plant
Cannabis buds will develop at most at the nodes of the plant. The node is where a branch or leaf flourishes off the stalk. The bigger the plant gets, the more nodes will occur which implies that the plant will have more spots where buds can flourish.
Instinctively, you may think that more nodes signify more and bigger buds. However, this is far from reality.
One effective method to facilitate cannabis plants in developing bigger buds when grown outdoors is by pruning. You may think that cutting off some parts of the plant or pruning it can be detrimental.
The more buds there are flourishing farther beneath the weed plant, the more distant they are from the canopy or the top part of the plant, the lesser amount of light they get. Thus, the lower parts of the plants shall have small buds flourishing during the flowering period. But since most of the light is being obstructed by the canopy, there is no chance that they get mature and become big or potent.
Feed the Plants to Get Bigger Buds
Properly feeding your plant is completely necessary if working to grow big buds. You must make sure that your plant gets sufficient potassium, phosphorous, and nitrogen at different levels of the growth cycle. Commonly, the plants require more amount of nitrogen while in the vegetative period, and more phosphorous and potassium during the flowering period.
When you put the right quantity of phosphorous, you assist the buds to completely develop and become more compressed. If your growing medium is soil, put a layer of bat guano or worm castings to increase the levels of phosphorous. You may also put a compost tea combination to the soil while in the flowering phase. This procedure heightens mycelium in the soil which guarantees the absorption of the plant for a greater percentage of nutrients.
There are several other things to put into consideration when feeding the plant:
If cultivating in soil, maintain the pH around 6.0. Lower it to 5.5 if you are cultivating hydroponically. The pH level present in the soil affects the ability of the cannabis plant to absorb nutrients.
Carbon dioxide is essential to the flowering phase and the overall growth of the plant. When talking about cannabis plants, more carbon dioxide is better. The plants’ mix that carbon dioxide with light energy to make the sugars it requires.
Temperature and Humidity
For seedlings, the preferred temperature range is 68 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit with 70 percent humidity if the lights are on. If the lights are off, lower the temperature between 59 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit. Also, ensure the utmost difference between day and night temperatures is set to 18 degrees. If the plants get flowering, they can indulge up to 82 degrees Fahrenheit. Further, lower humidity by 5 percent a week until it reaches 40 percent.
Training the Plants
Choosing to grow your plants outdoors implies that you have limited control over the essential elements that they get. This could mean that the plants flourish into a size or shape that is not favorable to big yields and big buds. The good thing is that you can wield the plants and train them into a structure that reinforces the buds to thrive.
If not attended, the plants will commonly cultivate one major big stalk with other little stalks flourishing around it. There are various training strategies that you can try – high-stress training like fimming and topping or low-stress training.
The cannabis plant grows in the structure of menorah, where the middle candle topmost part symbolizes the major big stalk. Although this one huge stalk shall flourish in an attractive big cola, its height will impose where the lights can be put.
Fimming results in the heightening of top colas in the plant. It comprises getting rid of the newest shoot and it will form four buds in its area. This is an impressive technique if you are cultivating cannabis on a limited scale and want to ensure you achieve the biggest and most productive buds possible. This technique must be performed during the vegetative phase.
Topping affects the cannabis plant to diminish in height and motivates it to flourish in width ways. The objective of topping is to expose the plant to more light which lets the buds to flourish bigger and the general health of the plant to get better.
The low-stress training, on the other hand, is a less radical operation yet can still create good outputs. It comprises tying and bending techniques to control the plants into growing a particular manner – in this approach, you confine the plants from growing tall and thin.
The objective of low-stress training is to achieve fat and broad plants which can get the highest quantity of light. Hence, with great exposure to light, the plant will get more energy which will boost the growth of the important buds.
Begin in Spring
Cannabis plants follow a lifecycle. They grow tall when in spring and during the first 6 months of summer. Once the summer extent is over, the female cannabis plants shall grow less but exert their efficiency into flowers.
To cultivate bigger buds outdoors, the cannabis plants should get excellent temperature conditions from the start. They must obtain suitable sunlight hours every day. When cultivating outdoors, the weather may impact you a lot. There should be a certain time that you can bring your plant indoors. There is so much thing that you can do with the lighting to hasten the growth of the bud if you are growing indoors.
The ferocity of the grow lights is the huge part of it – the more profound the light, the shaggier the plants can become. The way to improve the intensity of light is not difficult at all. You just need to transfer the lights nearer to the plants. The light must be directly striking the buds to achieve the best growth possible.
Timing the Harvest
The last step in helping grow bigger buds is timing the harvest. This is conceivably the most significant step as you intend to make sure that the buds are at the best possible place, being juicy and big, once you harvest them.
This is particularly necessary since buds can sometimes flourish as much as 25 percent of their size during the last two weeks leading to excellent harvest time. Thus, if you are not too fervent and cut them off too soon, you may miss out so much about cannabis. Also, getting the right timing will help growers achieve the best aroma of their cannabis yields.
Harvesting too soon could signify smaller buds and a lowered potency. Whereas, prolonged harvesting could signify that the cannabis plants may taste too compelling and likely having great narcotic effects.
The Significance of Soil
For growers who cling on dreams of dense and potent buds, nutrient-rich soil is the main factor. Growers must get some potting soil. Or if they have the means and resources, establish their biologically alive soil.
There is plenty of things happening in the soil. Although the levels of potassium, phosphorous, and nitrogen are essential, the trace mineral together with the nematodes, fungi, protozoa, earthworms, and bacteria that create the distinct harmonies are also important and they are useful for both the plant and the health of the soil.
Why are Buds Significant?
While many of you are aware of the significance of big buds, it is never a poor idea to bring things back to the fundamentals to help enhance the yields. The buds are the flower of a cannabis plant. And it is the female bud that releases the greatest cannabinoids concentration, specifically the THC which is where the psychedelic features of cannabis came from. Substantially, it is the buds that you will harvest to get your stash of weed.
Cannabis plants will begin to form buds as they finish the vegetative phase. During this time, the plant is roughly 6 weeks old. You will learn that the buds are going to develop if you notice white hairs forming at the end part of the branches and the top of the cannabis plant. Once this happens, it will take around 2 to 5 weeks for the bud to completely develop.
It is not right to think that male cannabis plants do not bear useful buds. Male buds have a different appearance and can produce potent weed, admitting nowhere near as compelling as the female plants.
The main concern is that males fertilize females when cultivated in proximity. If this happens, the females start bearing seeds and minimal THC. Many cultivators only utilize males to release seeds and make sure they are kept distant from the females.
Protect Outdoor Buds from Pests and Animals
Outdoor cannabis plants are common targets of animals. So, what should you do if your garden is surrounded by deer and squirrels? The best chance is to use a solid fence to safeguard them against these animals.
Similar to indoor cultivation, insect pests may also create chaos on outdoor plants. Insects cause harmful stress to the plant. Fundamentally, handling with the insect confines from the energy that the plant can transform to bud venues. This reduces promising yields. A lot of natural and comprehensive methods comprising significant oils can help avert insect pests, and keep the plants free from pests.
Unseen Benefits of Outdoor Cannabis
For a lot of people, the assurance of bigger buds in indoor environments restrain them from exploring the beauty of outdoor growing. While indoor growth makes it simpler to get bigger buds and higher yields, a study proposed that this comfort comes at an expensive environmental cost.
For this research, experts evaluated the production of indoor cannabis for the carbon footprint. They calculated that releasing one kilogram of indoor weeds corresponds to 4,600 kilograms of carbon dioxide emanations. Moreover, outdoor cannabis lazing under the absolute and free light source coming from the sun does not do emissions.
Learning how to grow bigger buds outdoors is simple although it should take time. You should not get frustrated if your first yield is not relatively what you have been longing for. Executing the common steps of pruning, feeding, shaping, and light exposure will help you achieve big, condensed, and juicy buds.
Choosing the appropriate fertilizer for the plants is important and your choice will rely on whether you are cultivating organically or not.